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CBC ca B C Almanac Douglas Day

CBC ca B C Almanac Douglas Day

Our Bailey HeritagePart 4   16                                   EDWARD LOUIS SPARKS Edward Louis Sparks was a younger brother to our Sarah Jane Sparks but he played an important part in her life and was the one responsible for bringing her to Canada, and later, to San Jose, California.  We have recently made contact with one of his Grandsons, John Sparks, in Taber, Alberta, Canada and would like to add some of Edward's history into this volume. Edward was born 30 Jan. 1878, in Wick Leominster, Sussex County.  This is just north of Littlehampton.  In England he was apprenticed for eight years, to learn to make cabinets and he became an excellent craftsman.  In 1889, at 21 years of age, he married Agnes Eliza Hatcher in Worthing and their first four children were born there:     Beatrice Agnes                   29 Jan 1900  Worthing     Edward Charles William        8 Jul 1901  Worthing     Fredrick Albert Victor            8 Jul 1902   Worthing     Wilfred Louis John              29 Sep 1905 Worthing Edward, the father (who usually went by the name of "Ted") came to Canada early in 1905.  It seems he probably left England before they knew their fourth child was on the way.  Wilfred was born after Edward was in Canada. "Uncle Ted" first went to Fernie in Southeast British Columbia but he didn't care for it there so he moved to Taber, Alberta.  He worked as a carpenter and cabinet maker to earn enough money to bring his family to Canada.  It took him almost two years to earn the passage money required.  In 1906, Agnes boarded a ship in Liverpool with her four young children and sailed for Halifax, Nova Scotia.  During this voyage, young Wilfred, who had not yet seen his father, celebrated his first birthday.  From Halifax, the family rode the train for a week to reach Taber.  One can imagine the joy and excitement of being reunited with their husband and father in their new home. 83 Edward continued in his trade in Taber, where he worked on the old Central School, the Taber Court House, White Lunch Cafe (next to the Cameo) and many of the older homes in Taber.  He was also carpenter for the Great Northwest Mines.  The pulpit and alter of the Taber Anglican Church was made by him.  He also made the big display case with all the glass compartments for J.K. How Grocery store. On 1 Aug. 1908, Edward and Agnes were blessed with another child, whom they named: Lillian Florence Sparks, after her cousin, Lillian Florence Bailey, daughter of Sarah Jane Sparks Bailey, back in England. On 5 Jan. 1911, after just four years in Canada, Herbert Henry Sparks was born to this family in Taber, Alberta.  There were complications from the birth and Edward's wife, Agnes, died five days later, on 10 Jan. 1911.  She was buried in Taber.  Edward was very devoted to his wife and never remarried. 84Edward and Agnes had some very close friends, the Hogarth family.  When Agnes died, these friends offered to take the baby and raise it as their own.  This was almost agreed to but then Edward decided against it feeling he wanted to keep his family together.  Just over a year after his wife's death, this baby, Herbert, also passed away due to meningitis. It was at about this time that Edward came up with the idea of asking his sister, Sarah Jane Sparks Bailey, to come to Canada to help him raise his family.  She was a nurse and was struggling back in England with raising her four young children alone.  Sometime between 1910-12 Sarah brought her family to Taber where Edward made her feel at home. "Edward was a true Englishman--the supreme head of the family and his word was law!  They had a very typical English home with tea, etc. right on schedule.  The girls always were in dresses with big bows and ruffles and big bows in their hair.  Agnes was tiny and a quiet woman and he was stern and domineering." 85 In 1923 Uncle Ted took a job in Shelby, Montana where he and his son, Edward, helped build an outdoor arena for the Dempsey-Gibbons fight. When that job was completed, Uncle Ted moved to San Jose, California, where he arrived on 5 July 1923.  His four older children were pretty well grown and spent most of their lives in Alberta.  His youngest daughter, Lillian, accompanied him to San Jose.  She never married and spent the rest of her life with her father. During the Great Depression, Edward again invited his sister, Sarah Bailey, to come and join him in his warm home in San Jose.  By then her children were married and on their own.  Sarah was living there when she passed away in 1933.  The following spring, Ted's daughter, Lillian, died on 9 Mar. 1934.  She was only 26 years old at her passing.  Edward remained in his San Jose home but only for about two more years.  He died there on 4 Jan. 1936 at age 58.   We don't know if Edward's brother, John Sparks, ever moved to North America.  We don't even know the name of John's wife.  They are pictured together in San Jose, CA so they must have at least come for a visit. [Note: The photos and information for this chapter were submitted by John and Patsy Sparks.  John is the son of Wilfred Louis John Sparks and Ella Adean Barton.  He and his wife, Patsy, live in Taber, Alberta.  We are very grateful to them for sharing their information with us for this book.] 87 17                                                             SARAH JANE SPARKS BAILEY Sarah Jane Sparks, was born on 6 July 1866 in Southwick, Sussex County.  The following month, she was taken to the local parish of the Church of England where she was christened and named after her Grandmother, Sarah Jane Nash Sparks. Her family remained in Southwick until Sarah was about eight years old.  Sometime around 1874, her Father, who was a blacksmith, took a job in London and moved his family there.  This was not to be a permanent home but they staid long enough to have another child there. 88When they tired of the cramped city life of London, as described in the Charles Dickens's stories, they again moved in about 1876-7, to the Sussex coast.  This time they settled at Littlehampton, on the mouth of the Arun River.  Sarah was about ten when the family moved to this picturesque town. Anciently, Littlehampton was a busy port carrying passengers from England to Normandy.  It was also an export harbor of English timber that was sold on the continent.  Today it is a popular yachting center and family resort.  All the towns in a ten mile stretch from Littlehampton to Worthing have now merged into a single development of coastal get-a-ways. Here too, the family stayed for only a couple years before moving again, about 1879.  This time however, they moved just a short distance north, to the town of Wick in Lyminster parish.  Sarah Jane was about 13 years old when the family made this last move.  She seems to have already had a job as a domestic servant in a lodging-house and remained behind when her family moved on.  After they located in Wick, their youngest known child, Ethel, was born.  Sarah would have grown up with her sister, Henrietta Maria, who was just one and a half years her senior.  We're not sure what became of this older sibling but Ethel was Sarah's only other sister.  Having already established herself in a working career away from home, Sarah would hardly have known her younger sister. In the 1881 census, Sarah was listed as a "Domestic Servant" in the lodging-house owned by Samuel and Ruth Smith, back in Littlehampton, at #9 Western R.C.  The rest of the family was then living in Wick, Lyminster parish, about three miles to the northwest.  No doubt they still had many opportunities to visit each other after working hours or on holidays. Throughout the years, as Sarah was growing up, her family kept in touch with her Father's sister, Ruth Sparks Bailey.  They had been both friends and family and had kept close in Chidham and in Portsmouth before Sarah was even born.  We're not sure where the Bailey family went after both families left Portsmouth but they too may have come to the Sussex coast line and may not have been too far away as Sarah grew up. 89 It seems that Sarah felt a closeness to this family and especially to their son, Joseph Bailey.  The photograph that we have of them was taken in 1888 in Littlehampton.  At that time, Sarah was 22 years old and Joseph Bailey was 20. The photograph (shown on page 55) was probably taken to celebrate this couple's engagement to be married.  Joseph had taken a job as a railroad conductor and was living at 30 Gideon Road in Battersea parish, Surrey County, near London.  About six months after this photo was taken, Sarah traveled to London where she and Joseph were married in the "Church of the Ascension" in Battersea parish.  Battersea is a small suburb of London across the Thames River to the south of Westminster.  90 Although Sarah Jane Sparks and Joseph Bailey were first cousins to each other, that doesn't seem to have been an obstacle in their marriage plans.  In those days, only royalty was prohibited from marrying close relatives. After the wedding, this couple continued to live in the London area.  Their first child, Joseph Reginald Bailey, was born on the 23rd of Nov. 1889 in Kentish Town, London. Two years later, on 11 Sep. 1891, their second child, Fredrick William Bailey, was born at Malden Road, London. At about that time, Joseph took the opportunity to change jobs.  He became a steward on board a steamship that sailed from London to Southampton to Liverpool and back.  Sometime about 1894-5 the family moved to Woolston, a suburb just across the river to the east of Southampton.  It was while they were living in Woolston, that the last two children were born to this family:        Leonard Harold Bailey                  29 Dec 1893 *  Lillian Florence Bailey  27 Feb 1896 We now have two different stories as to what happened next in the family.  The children of Lillian understood that her Father, Joseph Bailey, died at sea when his ship sank sometime around the turn of the century. However, the descendants of her brother, Leonard Bailey, had their Mother's old family Bible, in which, presumably Sarah wrote that Joseph died in New York Harbor in 1917.  By that date, Lillian would have been 21 years old.  If the latter story is correct, then it appears that Joseph and Sarah did not remain together as husband and wife.  The four children, particularly Lillian, had little recollection of their Father. As a young girl, Sarah had earned her own living as a domestic servant, cleaning the homes of others.  Now again, as a grown woman, she found herself responsible to earn a living that would support herself and her four children.  Sarah was a nurse.  Most of her jobs expected long hours of service and provided her with a room at her place of employment but there was no room for her children.  Sarah worked all week and only had her weekends to come home and visit her young children. 91In this environment, the four young children learned to take care of themselves.  There was no parent at home throughout the week to give them either discipline or love.  The tired Sarah would have to do that as best she could on weekends. This kind of family life was difficult on all of them and yet they remained very close to one another.  Sarah looked for an opportunity to improve her situation.  She had a younger brother, Edward "Ted" who had emigrated to Canada about 1905.  Shortly after his arrival in Taber, Alberta, Edward and his wife had another daughter born on 1 Aug. 1908.  This little girl was given the name of "Lillian Florence Sparks" after his niece who was then just 12 years old.  This may give some indication of the love Edward felt towards his sister, Sarah.   Edward wrote back to Sarah of the opportunities in Alberta where he was making a good living for himself.  With Sarah's children now mostly grown and with jobs of their own, they were able to save the passage money necessary to make the journey. Sarah and her three youngest children made the trip sometime around 1910-11.  Reg followed in 1912.  By that time, her children ranged in age from Reginald in his early twenties, to Lillian in her mid-teens and Sarah Jane was in her late forties.  It must have been summer when they arrived in Taber, Alberta, Canada as they determined to stay there and make it their new home. World War I began in 1914 and Sarah watched her youngest son, Leonard, go off to fight in France at the age of 20.  Three years later, when the war ended, Leonard went back to Sussex County where he married Edith Evelyn Stanford on 24 Dec. 1917 in Worthing, England.  He was the first to marry but only by a few months.  Lillian was married to Albert Raymond Morton on 9 Apr. 1918 in Taber, Alberta.  The following year, Fred married Gertrude Mae Stanthorpe on 22 Feb. 1919 and Reginald, the oldest, was married last, the following year to Mary Roberts, on 21 July 1920. With her children grown and starting families of their own, Sarah could finally relax a bit.  Her brother, Edward, had again moved to San Jose, California, where the winters were milder.  He asked Sarah to come and join him there.  Edward's wife had died in childbirth with their sixth baby in 1911 in Taber.  One of his daughters was living with him in San Jose but there was still room in this generous man's heart for his sister. Sarah spent her last couple of years in San Jose, California where she died on 11 July 1933.  Her body was brought back to Alberta, where her children lived.  She was buried in Lethbridge on 15 July 1933.  Her brother, Edward, remained in San Jose, where he died on 4 Jan. 1936. 92 18                                                                 JOSEPH REGINALD BAILEY Uncle "Reg" was born in London on 23 Nov. 1889.  He spent his first three years there before the family moved to Southampton in Hampshire County.  As the oldest in the family, much of the burden of watching out for his younger brothers and sister, fell on his shoulders.  We are much in debted to Reginald for being something of a father figure to his younger brothers and sister. He was about 22 years old when he came to Canada.  It would have been difficult for him, and for all of the children, to leave their friends behind, knowing they would never see them again. Reg's daughter, Margaret Bailey Thompson provided the following historical sketch: Joseph Reginald Bailey, known as "Reg" throughout his life, was the eldest son of Joseph Bailey and Sarah Jane Sparks Bailey.  He spent his youth at school and work near Worthing and Brighton in southern England.  He left England on March 23, 1912 on S.S. Canada to join his Mother, Len, Fred and Lilly and his Uncle Edward Sparks in Taber, Alberta, Canada.  He arrived in Taber on Easter Sunday April 8, 1912 and was met by Len and Fred at the train station. He married Mary Roberts in Taber on July 21, 1920 and they had one daughter, Margaret.  They moved to Lethbridge in 1924 where he was manager of the Hudson Bay Groceteria.  He remained in the grocery business until he retired. Reg was a family man and had a great love for his brothers and sister.  He enjoyed acting from a young age and followed the theatre throughout his life.  Reg got great reviews for his work in Lethbridge Playgoers.  He was active in Southminster United Church as a choir member, Elder and as an actor in religious plays.  Because of his love of acting he played Santa at the Hudson Bay store, at church and for the Welch Society for many years.  Reg and Mary moved to Edmonton in 1957 to be near Margaret and her family. 94Reg was the last of Sarah's children to marry.  He and Mary had only one child, a daughter, Margaret Sadie Bailey, born 16 Dec. 1921 at Taber.  Margaret married Clarence Ernest Thompson on 16 Sep. 1946 at Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. Reg died on 18 Dec. 1961 in Edmonton, Alberta.  His wife, Mary, died on 3 Aug. 1969, also in Edmonton. 19                            FREDRICK WILLIAM BAILEY   Uncle Fred was born in London on 11 Sep. 1891.  The family had recently moved to a new residence on Malden Road, in the northwest part of the city.  He was just a baby when the family moved to Southampton in Hampshire County.  Fred was about twenty when he came to Canada with his Mother, brother Len and sister Lillian. All four of Sarah Sparks Bailey's children had a lot of life in them.  While they may not have shown a great deal of outward affection they were still very close to one another.  From their infancy they had looked out for one another and thereby established a pattern that continued through much of their lives. This protective nature was demonstrated when Fred became seriously interested in a young woman named Gertrude Stanthorpe.  "Gert", as she was called, was a beautiful woman and Fred couldn't help but be attracted to her.  However, his family was very protective of him and they decided he needed a little time to think things over before getting too involved.  Consequently, they picked up Gert and took her to the train depot where they bought her a one way ticket out of town.  One wonders today, how someone could get away with "sending someone away" contrary to their wishes but back then, things were a little different. Fred may have realized there was no use arguing with his family on this matter, their minds were made up.  But, he was pretty clever himself.  As they were putting Gert on the train, Fred was secretly standing on the opposite side of the tracks and he boarded the same car.  As the family road home, pleased with their successful accomplishment, Fred and Gert were on their way out of town together.  They eloped and had their honeymoon at the partial expense of his family. 96Fred married Gertrude Mae Stanthorpe on 22 Feb. 1919.  When they returned, everyone was good to recognize that what was done was done and they all became very close to Gert as their new sister.   Fred and Gert had only one child, a daughter, Florence Bailey, born 1 Nov. 1923 in Taber, Alberta.  Florence married Merl K. Brehmer about 1944. For most of their life, Fred and Gert made their home in Medicine Hat, Alberta.  They enjoyed playing cards and visiting with family.  Their niece, Irene Morton McDonald and her husband Don, related this story: "Fred and Gert Bailey were a fun loving couple that were great to be around.  They didn't always arrive in Portland when expected.  On one trip they stopped at as many taverns as they could find between Medicine Hat, Alberta and Portland.  They didn't arrive drunk, just happy. "Ray and Lill were especially fond of them and gave one the impression that the two couples, in their younger days, had many good times together.  They used to come over and play cards with us when they were in town.  We played a game called '7 up and 7 down' with pennies.  Gert would play with a roll-your-own cigarette dangling out of the corner of her mouth and it was hard to play cards and wonder when the lighted end was going to fall on the table.  When you had lost all your pennies, Gert made you play one more hand 'on your ass' as she put it, to see if you couldn't continue. "We took a vacation in Canada in 1970, pulling a small trailer and visiting parks and Canadian camp grounds.  When we got to Medicine Hat we stayed a couple days with Fred and Gert.  They were great hosts, showing us the sights, playing cards and introducing us to playing darts English fashion.  That was the last time we saw them but their memories live on in how kind they were to us."   97 98 20                                                         LEONARD HAROLD BAILEY   Leonard was born 29 Dec. 1893 in Woolston, a suburb of Southampton, England.  He was about seventeen when the family came to Canada.  It wasn't long however, before World War I broke out and Len was shipped overseas to fight in France.  Judging from the name of his first son, Len probably saw a lot of action in the famous battle of Ypres, in northwest Belgium.  It was in that battle that mustard gas was used on the allied soldiers with such terrible affects. After the War, Len stopped in England to visit family and friends before returning home.  At that time he married Edith Evelyn Stanford on 24 Dec. 1917 in Worthing, Sussex, England. Len and Edith returned to Canada to begin their life together in Taber, Alberta.  Here, their first three children were born:         Leonard Ypres Stanford Bailey      23 Aug 1919         Dennis Edward Harold Bailey        17 Dec 1920         Bernard Lewis Reginald Bailey      25 Aug 1922 The family then moved to Coalhurst, Alberta, where the next two children were born:         Frederick William Joseph Bailey     26 Nov 1930         a baby girl who died at birth                         1931 The family then moved again.  This time to Lethbridge where their last child was born:         Douglas Lawrence Bailey               15 May 1933 This child was only a couple months old when Len's Mother, Sarah Jane Sparks Bailey, died in California.  Len was then living in Lethbridge and she was brought there for burial.   99 100Len's son, Bernard Bailey, and his daughter, Darla Bailey Lucas, related the following:  "Leonard Harold Bailey lived in a time when there wasn't 5 cents to rub together.  So for entertainment they made their own golf course on the prairie consisting of nine holes.  He loved golf.  They had one golf club and used it for everything. "He worked in the coal mines at Taber, Diamond City, Coalhurst and Lethbridge.  {Darla adds this description of the type of work Len did in the mines: The 'room and pillar' method of mining, designed for mountainous regions was used.  The miners divided the coal seam into large blocks by digging a series of tunnels about fifty to sixty feet apart called 'rooms'.  The large blocks of coal that remained between the rooms were pillars, left to support the overlying rock.  When the mine had progressed to the limits of its coal seam or property, the miners began to work backwards, or retreat, extracting as much coal as possible from the pillars while allowing the roof to cave in behind them.  In the early days, miners used picks and an explosive they called coal powder to remove coal from the face.  There were dangers associated with using explosives in the gaseous and dusty environment underground as even a small spark could ignite a massive explosion.  By the late 1920's, the pick and coal powder were replaced by compressed air picks.}  Coal mining was a hard life and work in poor conditions and long hours, so I guess he worked hard and slept little, with not much time for anything else. "In 1940, to get out of the coal mines, he "guarded" in Lethbridge and was the war prisoner's guard until the war ended.  Then he became the custodian for the Lethbridge Post Office. "He sang in the choir at St. Agustine's Church.  They lived on the edge of the prairie in Lethbridge.  He had a wood-coal stove, no running water or in-door plumbing or gas. 102"They had family gatherings with dinner and cards, every Sunday after the kids grew up and married.  We always had a happy home with laughter. "I'd like to mention that at the time (they lived in England) there was much advertising about Canada and a new life, get rich and fertile land.  They were brave and courageous to leave their homeland and start a great new life.  Only it wasn't that way.  They were pioneers and had to start from scratch working hard and finding anything they could to make a living and very poor. "My Dad (Len) also said his Mother (Sarah Sparks) came to live in Taber and that he never mentioned his Dad.  So maybe they split up or he left them??  I don't know; that's speculation." Don McDonald, a nephew-in-law, shared this memory of Len: "I met Len and Edie for the first time when our family took a vacation while I was working at Davis Dam, Arizona.  We stopped in Walla Walla to spend a couple days with Irene's parents.  Len and Edie were visiting from Lethbridge and were a delightful couple.  I remember especially the way the two of them sang.  Edie had a powerful voice that really rattled the windows and when the two of them sang harmony it was beautiful.  We sat around and told jokes and sang and went to bed with sore stomach muscles from laughing so much. "Irene told me one time that when their parents took them to see Len and Edie that Edie always baked a lot of bread and fed all the kids bread, butter and jelly that was very good. 103"After Edie passed on, Len was a very welcome visitor.  He usually stayed with Irene's parents and we got together for a number of fun visits.  On one trip to Portland, Len pulled off the freeway in the Hollywood District and didn't know how to find Ray and Lill's place so he took a taxi.  This was about 10:00 PM and worked well in getting Len to his destination.  The only problem was that the next morning Len had no idea where he left his car.  So the next morning we took all the freeway exits, starting with Troutdale, looking for a car with an Alberta license plate.  We eventually found it and had a good laugh about the whole thing. "Len had a beautiful relationship with kids.  He and I took our five kids to the circus and also four of the neighbor kids.  I took a picture of us and found later that the neighbor kids were all sitting next to Len and the McDonald kids were sitting on the outside.  It was a good example of how kids were attracted to this very lovable and caring person.  We all loved him and still miss him." Another nephew-in-law, Russell Donaldson, wrote the following: "I had the pleasure of being around 'Uncle Len' on two different occasions.  In those two short periods of time I was able to formulate my opinion of that fine man.  I don't believe the Good Lord ever made a more decent person. "I saw in Len a kind, honest, compassionate human being--a man who was at ease with anyone. Easy to be with, everyones' friend, that was Len Bailey. "I remember that cold December day before Ray's funeral when Len and I had to go downtown to do some shopping.  In one of the department stores he stopped to discuss the merits of some gloves with a lady shopper.  They were so much at ease with each other one could have easily believed they were man and wife.  She seemed to enjoy his company and obviously sensed his trustworthiness. "We each bought a small crystal radio.  Lacking sleeping space, he and I had to sleep in the same bed and at night we would clip the antenna wires to the bed springs and listen to the Christmas sounds of Portland. 104"I heard Len sing a time or so.  He was very good and was a member of his church choir in Canada. "We had lengthy discussions of military service and he took great pride in his military service. "He spoke of his beloved 'Edie' and how a baby daughter had been born to them and how the baby bled to death in the night because the doctor failed to tie the umbilical cord properly.  Len said, 'I gave that doctor hell for a half hour.' "Edie was a large person and Len delighted in the fact that she was strong enough to pick him up and carry him around. "On the sound track of 'My Fair Lady' prospective groom, Stanley Holloway declares, 'There's drinks and girls all over London and I'm gonna track 'em down in just a few more hours.'  If you had heard Len's voice, you'd swear that's Len talking.  There is so much resemblance.  I wish he were still with us." The family stayed in the Lethbridge area where Edith died on 1 Dec. 1955.  Len remained there for almost ten more years and died in Lethbridge on 5 May 1965. 105106 21                        LILLIAN FLORENCE BAILEY MORTON   Lillian was born in Woolston, near Southampton, Hampshire County, England on 27 Feb. 1896. 108 Lillian Florence Bailey as a child in England109Irene Morton McDonald related the following about her Mother: "The family, as far as I knew, lived in Southampton, England.  Grandmother Bailey was a nurse who did home nursing, living at different people’s houses to take care of the sick.  Joseph was a steward on a ship sailing from Southampton to London.  He was lost at sea when Mother was two years old.  From that point on the brothers raised Mother.  They took her to school with them, cared for her at home while Grandmother worked.  They would see Grandmother maybe once a week.  Most of the things I know about my family came from my Mother in stories. "They must have lived close to the ocean shore because she would tell of going down to look for fruit that might have fallen off ships passing through.  Mother started her education when she was three.  As long as the boys (her brothers) took her the teacher said: We'll start her. "Mother's growing up experience was in a one-parent family with Grandmother coming home between jobs to really clean, cook ahead for the children and catch up on laundry.  Mom always talked of it as a loving family and she stayed close to her brothers always. "I will try to relate some of the stories from her childhood that will give us some insight on the whole.  When Grandmother Bailey would come home, she could not understand why the sheets were so dirty, until she discovered that the three boys and Mother were getting into bed with all their clothes, high boots and all, ready for school the next day.  This enabled them to sleep later in the morning. "One Easter they were all dressed in their Easter finery and sent to church, but instead went wild blackberry picking.  They boys white pants and Mom's Easter dress were ruined, plus they used her Easter bonnet to put the berries in.   "When Mother (Lillian) was seventeen (probably about fourteen) they came to Canada.  The boys went to work in the mines at Taber, Alberta.  Mom was at a dating age.  Many beaus she brought home, but the boys would not approve of them.  After much trying she finally brought home a young man that the boys accepted.  They became engaged.  Shortly thereafter he joined the army and was sent to France during World War I, where he was killed in action.   110"After some time, Mother met my Dad, Albert Raymond Morton.  After my Dad was discharged from the Canadian Army, he worked for the Canadian Pacific Railway.  He also worked in the Alberta coal mines with Mother's brothers.  Here he met Mother, but her brothers were not enthused about his courting my Mother so they eloped.  Mother was 22 and Dad was 35.  After the wedding the brothers and Grandmother Bailey did accept him and they all became good friends.  Mother and Dad moved to Great Falls, Montana and Dad continued to cross the border to work in the mines.  Somewhere along the line, my Father became a steamfitter (Canadian Pacific Railroad) and worked most of my childhood doing that. "Sometime in the first year or two after they were married, Mother became ill with Rheumatic Fever and was hospitalized.  She didn't seem to be getting much better after a lengthy stay, so Dad carried her home (she was too weak to walk).  He nursed her back to health.  He used to carry her out to get some sunshine and see the garden.  He cooked and did all the cleaning and housekeeping.  Mother did finally regain her health to a degree, although from that time on, she had heart problems and asthma. "About four years later, after a sickly pregnancy, she gave birth to a baby girl (my older sister) Bernice Jane Louise Morton (6 Mar. 1923).  Fifteen months later, I (Irene Gladys Morton) appeared on the scene (18 June 1924).  For both of the births, Mother went home to Alberta, Canada so that Grandmother Bailey could take care of her.  These trips were on a six-weeks visiting permit and Mother did not have us re-registered in the United States, so both my sister and I have Canadian birth certificates.  It became tiresome for Mother to explain the birth certificates so she said on all our school and church records: Birthplace--Great Falls, Montana." Ray was totally devoted to Lillian.  Their children remember that he brought her breakfast in bed "every day of their married life".  It consisted of toast and tea.  Perhaps because of her poor health early in their married life, Ray was in the habit of tenderly caring for his wife and through the years his love increased because of his devoted service. 111Ray moved his family to wherever he could find work.  In Great Falls he worked on the construction of two dams being built in the area.  When that was concluded they moved to Wenatchee, Washington and then to Las Vegas, Nevada to work on dams being built in that area.  They often lived in construction camps under pretty simple conditions.  In Las Vegas, Lillian gave birth to her third daughter, Shirley Jean Morton, on 2 June 1933.  Irene tells about this time of their life: "When I was nine, my younger sister, Shirley, was born so now there were three of us.  Shirley was a tiny baby, four pounds something, when she came home from the hospital and Dad made her an incubator.  It had flat pockets all around the sides in which flat whiskey bottles could be placed.  It was my job to keep them filled with hot water so the bed would always be cozy warm.  I remember feeling very proud of my job. "We lived in a tent-house.  The sides were wood, the top canvas.  We had a big dining, cooking, eating room and a bedroom attached to the back.  Dad even built us a shower with a big barrel on a large pole.  The sun heated the water in the barrel after it was carried in buckets.  We walked to school about a mile away.  It was a very poor time much of the last two years that we lived there. "Our playground at McKeeversville was the desert.  Off in the distance were some mountains and most Saturdays a bunch of us kids, maybe ten, ages 7-12, would pack lunches and head for the caves and rock climbing.  So that we would be home on time, my Mom would hang a bright red quilt on the clothes line, which you could see for miles and we would know it was time to head home.  If we stayed too long we could see some of the Dads, mine included, coming." When work ran out in Montana, Ray and Lillian moved their family to Polson, Montana to work on the building of the Kerr dam.  Here the two older girls attended high school.  They bought a nice home overlooking Flathead Lake.  This was on the west side of the bridge leaving Polson.  Again, work soon ran out and in this small community it was hard to find something else to do.  The world was still trying to combat the economic effects of the Great Depression and times were difficult. 112When Pearl Harbor was bombed, the US joined the allied powers in World War II.  Immediately a secretive operation began construction near Pasco, Washington.  This later became known as the Hanford Nuclear Reservation but at that time few people knew what was being built there.  Ray found work as a pipe fitter but so many workers were coming into the area that housing was unavailable.  Ray went to work at Hanford and lived in the barracks but the family stayed in Polson long enough for Irene to graduate from high school.  Lillian then moved closer to Ray but with the housing shortage, Walla Walla was the closest they could come.  This was a drive of almost two hours back then and Ray could only travel home on weekends.  Eventually they bought a small trailer and were able to move closer to Ray's work.  They stayed in the Richland, Washington area for the rest of Ray's working career (except for a short trial of a chicken ranch in Hermiston, Oregon).  When Ray finally retired, about 1957, he and Lill moved to Portland and set up their trailer on Lombard Street.  Here they bought their first television. It was not long before they bought a house in S.E. Portland and then moved again to another home on Johnson Creek, also in S.E. Portland in about 1958.  Don McDonald tells of an experience one night after a tremendous rain storm, that he got a call from Lillian.  Johnson Creek, which ran along their back yard, was flooding and Ray wanted Don to come get her.  By the time Don reached the house the water was up so high that he had to park the car about a block away and wade in the last fifty yards or so.  Just before he reached the porch, the water depth slightly exceeded the height of his hip-waders.  The house sat up on a high foundation but the water was just about an inch below the floor and Ray was busy with towels mopping up along the threshold.  Ray stayed there all night to fight the rising water and protect his home but he asked Don to take Lill to the McDonald's for the night.  Don carried his Mother-in-law for the block to the safety of his car and then went back for her beloved dog, Clinker.  In the excitement, Clinker had forgotten to empty his 50 gallon bladder but somewhere in that one block hike in Don's arms, Clinker remembered to drain the tank. 113In about 1959, Ray and Lill again moved to a house near Reed College.  They were here however, for just a very short time when Ray became ill with a bowel obstruction.  He went to the hospital but was not improving.  Don went down to visit him and ask if there was anything he could do for his Father-in-law, thinking that he might need some things done back at his home.  Ray thought for a minute and said, "No, Lill has enough fuel oil to get her through to about March and everything should be about right.  Just take care of Lilly for me." He seemed to know that he would not be coming home and his thoughts were on the welfare of his beloved wife.  A couple days later, Ray died of heart failure on 19 Dec. 1959.  He was buried in the Rose City cemetery. Soon after Ray died, Lill bought a house in Rose City (a suburb of Portland) that was close to her daughter, Bernice.  Lillian was very lonely for a while.  Don and Irene remembered going over to visit her and she had barricaded herself in her house with knives wedged in the doorway to protect against intruders.  Many times she would call up in the middle of the night and talk for hours to help her cope with her loneliness. In time, Lill overcame her anxieties and enjoyed her last ten years.  Bernice and Ted Romer and their children came over often to help Lill take care of her yard work and other similar tasks.  She liked to watch her soap-operas and play with her dogs: Clinker and Scamper.  She was happy and loving and in her British accent she called everyone "Dearie" so she wouldn't have to sort out the right names. The highlight of her week seemed to be shopping at Lloyd Center.  Every Saturday Don and Irene McDonald and their children accompanied her to look for a pair of red shoes.  They would spend the morning walking around the mall and return home without the desired shoes.  Finally, one Saturday, shortly before she died, she found and bought a pair of red shoes and that seemed to satisfy her shopping needs. 114Lillian died in Portland on 1 Oct. 1969.  Her two oldest daughters were living in Portland at that time and Shirley and her family were in Cle Elum, Washington.  The family gathered for her funeral on 4 Oct. 1969 and she was buried next to her husband in the Rose City cemetery. Irene said of her Mother, "My Mom was something else.  She was funny, hot tempered and very English in her speech and attitudes.  She always had friends wherever we lived.  Although she was sickly a good share of the time, she was a great Mom." And so we conclude our story as we reflect back and realize that we had a lot of "Great Moms" and "Great Dads" in our family heritage.  We only wish we knew more about each of them.  It is because of their sacrifices that each of us is here today.  They deserve our respect, our acknowledgment and our sincerest appreciation.  [More information on Lillian and Ray Morton and their family can be read in Our Morton Heritage in a separate volume. 115   Lillian Florence Bailey Morton 116L to R: Lillian, Leonard, Sarah Jane (mother) and Fredrick Bailey 117   STAKER-BONIFACE-WHEATLEY-WIER-HORNER-BAILEY-MORTON          World History                  Date      Family History ======================================= ==== ======================= Columbus arrested and brought to Spain  1500  Michelangelo's "David" sculpture Henry VIII crowned King of England (18)    and marries Catharine of Aragon  Leonardo da Vinci designs a water wheel 1510 Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel painting Ponce de Leon discovers Florida Future Queen "Bloody" Mary Tudor born Martin Luther's 95 theses--Reformation L. Da Vinci dies; Cortes in Mexico      1520 F. Magellan killed in the Philippines G. da Verrazano discovers New York Bay N. Machiavelli dies in Italy Outbreak of "The Plague" in England Thomas More replaces Wolsey as Chancllr 1530 Henry VIII is Head of Church in Engl. Henry VIII secretly marries Anne Boleyn       Richard Staker is born   and future Queen Elizabeth I is born Death of 3 Queens of Henry VIII Henry VIII marries Anne & Catherine     1540 Queen Catherine Howard executed Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr (6th) Martin Luther dies Henry VIII dies; son Edward VI is King First game of Cricket & Billiards       1550 St. Andrews Golf Club in Scotland King Edward VI dies; Mary is Queen Archbp Thomas Cranmer burned at stake Queen Mary dies; Elizabeth I is Queen Mary Queen of Scots claims crown of Eng 1560 Shane O'Neill rebellion in Ireland European Plague; kills 20,000 in London      Edward Staker is born W. Shakespeare & Galileo are born            in Yapton, Sussex Co. Mary Queen of Scots abdicates & flees Parliament forbids export of wool       1570 Parliament demands execution of Q. Mary University of Berlin founded Population of London is 180,000 James VI reigns in Scotland Ivan IV "The Terrible" kills his son    1580 First English colony in Newfoundland Sir Walter Raleigh discovers Virginia Babington plot to murder Elizabeth I          Edward S. = Anne Mylle Mary Queen of Scots executed in Eng.          Henry Staker b. in Yapton Galileo is professor at Univ of Pisa    1590 Plague kills 15,000 in London Shakespeare writes: Romeo & Juliet Galileo invents the thermometer Spanish Armada scatterd by storm Shakespeare writes Hamlet               1600 Queen Elizabeth dies, James I is King Guy Fawkes arrested; Santa Fe NM founded Rembrandt born; Jamestown VA founded Champlain founds Quebec for France Galileo observes Jupiter's moons        1610 Colonization of Bermuda & Manhattan Galileo first faces the Inquisition Shakespear dies; Galileo forbidden            Henry Staker = Ann Patching Sir Walter Raleigh executed in London         Edward Staker b Walberton Pilgrim's Mayflower lands at Plymouth   1620 Wm Bradford becomes Govr of Plymouth James I dies; Charles is King of England Dutch colongy of New Amsterdam founded Massachusetts Bay Colony founded All pirates unite as Buccaneers         1630 Plague in Bavaria misses Oberammergau Colonization of Connecticut begins Harvard College founded at Cambridge MS Torture abolished in England                  Edward = Susanna Ameares Catholic rebels massacre Prot. in Ire.  1640  Henry Staker b. Walberton Galileo dies; English Civil War begins Louis XIV is King of France Roundheads win the English Civil War Charles I is tried, imprisoned, beheaded World population est. 500 million       1650 Oliver Cromwell becomes "Lord Protector" Cromwell prohibits Anglican services Cromwell rejects the title of "King" Cromwell dies, succeeded by son Richard Parliment invites Charles II to England 1660 Charles II is crowned King of England Great Plague of London kills 68,596 Great Fire of London (Feb 2-9) Isaac Newton builds reflecting telescope      Henry Staker = Joane Nash Milton writes "Paradise Regained"       1670 Marquette & Joliet explore Mississippi  Greenwich Observatory established             Henry Jr b. at Walberton Ice Cream becomes popular in Paris John Bunyan writes "Pilgrim's Progress" Flightless Dodo bird becomes extinct    1680 Roger Williams of Rhode Island dies Charles II dies; brother James II reigns Catholics readmitted to English army James II escapes; William & Mary reign William III defeats James II in Ireland 1690 Massacre of Clan Mac Donald at Glencoe Queen Mary II dies; William III reigns Whitehall Palace in London burns down Paper manufacturing begins in America James II dies. "Old Pretender" emerges  1700  Henry S = Eliza. Duffield William III dies, Queen Anne reigns In prison Daniel Defoe begins The Review England & Scotland form Great Britain Old Pretender lands in Scotland (4 days) France's Louis XV is born               1710  Jane Staker b. at Oving Last execution for witchcraft in Eng. Queen Anne dies; George arrives in Eng. Current composers are Bach & Handel First Cricket: Londoners v Kentish Men Postal service begins: London-New Eng.  1720 Flora MacDonald, Scot heroine, is born Alexander Pope translates "The Odyssey" George I dies; son George II reigns Ben Franklin publishes "Penn. Gazette" 10 Downing St. built for Prime Minister 1730  Jane S. = Edward Boniface George Washington is born in Virginia         Elizabeth B. b at Binsted John Adams & Paul Revere are born Queen Caroline dies (wife of George II) Future King George III is born Handel composes "The Messiah" (18 days) 1740 Maria Theresa crowned; T Jefferson born "Young Pretender" lands in Scotland Wearing of the Tartan outlawed in G.B. Scotish Clan system abolished Calendar changed to begin on Jan. 1st   1750  Elizabeth = John Wheatley Ben Franklin flies his kite and key           Eliza. Wheatley b. Pagham Marie Antoinette & Louis XVIII are born Wolfgang A. Mozart is born in Salzburg Geo. Washington captures Fort Duquesne George II dies; grdsn George III reigns 1760 Ben Franklin makes a musical harmonica At age 8 Mozart writes first Symphony England places tax on tea sold in N.A. Cpt Cook begins 1st voyage of the world Boston Massacre of civilians by troops  1770  Eliza. W. = Jacob Wyer    Boston Tea Party to protest taxes Paul Revere's ride; the War begins Declaration of Independence Cpt James Cook discovers Hawaii British surrender at Yorktown           1780 Ben Franklin negotiates peace treaty James Watt's steam engine in a factory US Constitution signed; Penn 1st State        Grace Wier born at Pagham Washington is Pres; French Revolution Franklin dies; Wash. DC is founded      1790 Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette executed Napoleon appointed Commander-in-Chief John Adams defeats Jefferson for Pres. Washington dies; Rosetta Stone found Jefferson Pres; Ireland is part of G.B. 1800 Jefferson buys Louisiana from Napoleon Napoleon crowns himself Emporer               Grace Wier = Wm Horner French army in Berlin, Poland & Portugal      Sarah Horner b at Pagham Napoleon div. Josephine; A Lincoln born Composers: Beethoven, Chopin, Liszt     1810 George III insane; War of 1812 begins Washington burned; Napoleon's Waterloo US begins construction of the Erie C Max 12 hr work day set for English youth King George III dies; Napoleon dies     1820 King George IV is King of England       John Q. Adams elected Pres by US House        Sarah H = Thomas Binstead Niepce produces photos on metal plates Duke of Wellington is Prime Minister William IV becomes King of England      1830 Abolition of slavery in British Empire        Thomas Binstead dies Poor Law: No assistance outside workhse       Sarah H B = Joseph Bailey William IV dies; Victoria is Queen England begins birth registration Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert    1840  Daniel Bailey b at Pagham Morse builds telegraph line DC to Balt. Texas & Florida become US states Potato famine in Ireland begins California gold rush  Population (in Mill.) US 23: GB 20.8    1850 Harriet B. Stowe "Uncle Toms Cabin" Florence Nightingale in Crimean War "Big Ben" (Parliament clock bell) cast Suez C begins; Ottawa is Canada Cap.       Dan Bailey = Ruth Sparks A. Lincoln Pres; US Civil War begins    1860 Emancipation Proc; Gettysburg Address Lincoln killed; Civil War ends GB creates Dom. of Canada; Alaska sold Debtors prison abolished in Britain            Joseph Bailey b Kingston Pop. (Mill): Germany 41; US 39; GB 26   1870 US Amnesty Act pardons most Confederates First swim of Eng Channel by Webb 22 hrs Bell makes telephone; Edison phonograph Electric street lights in London US Pres Garfield killed; Arthur is Pres 1880 First Skyscraper in Chicago--10 stories First deep tube (subway in London) Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee (50 yrs) "Jack the Ripper" murders 6 in London          Joseph B = Sarah J Sparks Conan Doyle "Advntr of Sherlock Holmes" 1890   Reginald B b at London Karl Benz & Henry Ford build autos             Fredrick B b at London Death duties (inheritance tax) in Brit.        Leonard  B b Southampton First modern Olympics held in Athens           Lillian  B b Southampton Spanish-American War; Boer War Queen Victoria dies; Edward VII reigns  1900 Wright brothers fly first airplane 1st motor buses in London; Panama C San Francisco earthquake; "Mutt & Jeff" London Olympics, US wins 15 of 28 golds Edward VII dies; George V is King       1910 NM & Ariz made US states; Titanic sinks WW I begins; Zepplin attacks on London         Baileys migrate to Canada First Rose Bowl: WA St 14 vs Brown 0           Len B. = Edith E Stanford War ends: 8.5 MM dead; flu kills 22 MM         Lillian B = A. Ray Morton Babe Ruth goes to Yankees; Prohibition  1920   Fred = Gert; Reg = Mary Irish Free State; 4 MM Ger. Marks = $1         Bernice M. b at Taber, AL Hitler organizes Nazis; "Mein Kampf"           Irene M. b at Taber, AL Elizabeth II born; Lindbergh's flight Wyatt Earp dies; Stock Market crashes Deadwood Dick dies; Al Capone jailed    1930 FDR Pres; Hitler in power; TV invented         Shirley M. b at Las Vegas Hitler begins blood bath; Dillinger shot Geo V dies; Ed VIII abdicates; Geo VI Austrian Anschluss; Ger. invades Poland Churchill is PM; FDR's 3rd term as Pres 1940 Japaness attack Pearl Harbor, US at war        Bernice M. = Ted Romer D-Day, Hitler dies, VE, Atomic Bomb, VJ        Irene M = Donald McDonald Nuremberg war trials; Al Capone dies           Donna McD b at Bozeman MT Nation of Israel, Rep of Eire proclaimed       Carol McD b at Bozeman MT Korean War; 22nd Amendment--2 term pres 1950   Mary McD b at Redlands CA Elizabeth II Queen; Eisenhower US Pres         Jim McD b at Portland OR McCarthy Hearings; First 4 min mile            Bette McD b at Portland Troops to Little Rock for racial crisis        Shirley = Russ Donaldson USSR & US launch satelites, space race   US spy plane downed; Kennedy is US Pres 1960 Berlin Wall; Cuban missles; Kennedy shot Deaths: MacArthur, H. Hoover, Churchill   Anti-war & race riots in US; 6 Day War         Cheryl Stone b Portland ML King & R Kennedy killed; Moon Walk          Lorie Stone b Portland  18 yr olds vote in US; Nuclear test ban 1970 US withdraws from Vietnam; Watergate           Carol McD = Harvey Stone Oil embargo; Nixon resigns; Ford Pres.         b. Jeff V; Bette = Lionel US Bicentennial; Carter is US Pres.            b. Clint, Marcole, Julie Alaska pipeline; Israel-Egypt peace            Jim=Pat; Adam; Donna=Geo St Helens erupts; Reagan elected Pres.  1980   b. Jesse, Heather, Amy Iran hostages released, Lebanon hostages       b. Trinna N.  Nuclear accident at Chernobyl USSR             b. Kyra V. & Robert McD. Chinese students rebel; Bush is US Pres.       b. Tyler N.  Berlin Wall falls; Germanies unite             b. Caitlin McD Persion Gulf War; Collapse of USSR      1990 Bill Clinton elected US President              Irene McDonald dies







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