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Contouring sparse data in any mapping program can be challenging. We’ve found a few tools in the RockWorks15 to be particularly helpful when creating contour maps of sparse groundwater elevation data.First, let’s take a look at a contour map created using the EZ-Map tool in the RockWorks Utilities.The EZ-Map tool uses simple triangulation to create contours. For some data sets, this may be all you need to create a reasonable looking map. However, it will often be necessary to create grid-based maps with smoother contour lines that extend to the edge of the project. Note the increase in the groundwater elevation on the eastern edge of the map. This is something that can be resolved by switching to a grid-based map. We’ll explore grid-based mapping tools next.Here is a map created using the default Inverse Distance Weighting settings. I should note that I had both the “Smoothing” and “High-Fidelity” options turned on during grid creation.The “bull’s eyes” that you see around the high and low points in the map are typical of the Inverse Distance interpolation method. One way to resolve this is to decrease the number of points used during interpolation.To do this, change the Number of Points used for the Inverse Distance Algorithm from 8 (the default setting) to 4 (which is more appropriate for a data set of this size).Here is a map created with the modified “Number of Points” value:The bull’s eye effect has been muted somewhat, but notice that the contours don’t honor the data extremely well. Let’s move on to Kriging.In the map below, I let the RockWorks program choose the appropriate variogram settings. With Kriging especially, which can create fairly blocky models, I highly recommend that you turn on both the grid “Smoothing” and “High-Fidelity” options when creating a contour map. This may be a little bit more to your liking, but the general groundwater flow direction could still be better represented along the borders of the map. Just to cover all of our bases, here is another map created using Triangulation gridding. Unfortunately, there are some problems with edge effects in the resulting map as well.None of these are really doing it for me. At this point, I think that a lot of people would probably resort to hand drawing their contour maps, or adding additional control points to the data set to force the contours into the shape they have in mind. Before you resort to these tedious and time-consuming options, I would recommend you look at the Densify and Polyenhancement options available in RockWorks15.Here is a diagram showing the contour maps created with the Inverse Distance interpolation algorithm, with and without Densify turned on. As you can see, the densification process (which adds additional control points to the data set before interpolation using triangulation) straightens out the contour lines quite a bit.I did the same test using the Kriging algorithm and got the following results.Last but not least, here is a contour map created with the Polyenhancement option turned on. When this option is activated, the program fits the data to a polynomial surface and then warps that surface to honor the data points (in this case, I choose a 2nd order polynomial surface). I think I have my map! In real life, I’ve found first, second and third order polynomials useful when creating groundwater contour maps. If the groundwater flow direction is fairly constant through the area, go with a 1st order polynomial (which is a planar surface). If it is variable because of topography or a feature such as a river or stream, then a 2nd or 3rd order polynomial is the way to go.
If you couldn’t tell from my last post, I was pretty excited for the KKW Beauty Crème Contour & Highlight Kit launch. Any product for the skin whether it be skincare or makeup really gets my engine going. On the daily, I usually leave it pretty natural on the eyes however I will always contour and highlight. After seeing the sneak peeks Kim gave on social media I knew I had to have this kit.The kit contains doubled contour and highlight sticks, essentially 4 cream products along with the double ended blending tool. The contour stick has both a bronzer and contour shade and the highlight stick comes with a matte and shimmer side. I love the gorgeous nude colour packaging and I think it was really smart of her included a blending tool as well. It kind of makes the price tag a little more acceptable. The crayon like packaging makes it very easy for precise application. I did feel though, I needed to be very gentle when applying as the stick felt very flimsy in the packaging and if it was wound up too much I feel like it would actually snap off.Upon applying the product I noticed the consistency to be very waxy and it felt heavy on the skin. It was easy to blend with my a brush and sponge but I felt I got the best colour pay off wth my fingers. As you can see in the demo I use these just I would any other contouring products. I place the contour shades along my forehead, under the cheekbones, nose and jawline, I then use the matte highlight shade to clean up the cheek contour and a little on the forehead finishing off with the shimmer shade on the tops of my cheek bones. Unfortunately, when I purchased the kit the light shade was the only shade left, I actually wanted to get the medium kit and looking black now I think this one would have suited my colouring better. I really had to build up the contour to get my desired shade with this light kit. I also used these sticks to contour my eyes too. I found that they blended well with both my fingers and a brush. I think the matte highlight shade works well as a base and the pigmentation was enough to cancel out the discolouration on my lids. The KKW Beauty website is advising of a restock on the 6/7/17 The kit and shipping to Australia was $85.87AUD Shipping was pretty quick about a week from the confirmation email. Final thoughts.If I can be honest I am a little disappointed with this kit. I mainly think this is because of the colour I got. I would like to try out the medium shade but I can’t see myself paying the price tag and also getting up at 2am to order online again. I personally don’t believe that anyone with an oily/combination skin type will enjoy this formula as even I struggled to get it to stay in place and within 2 hours I was a creasy mess. This could have been because I needed to build the product up so much though. I am not completely ruling out the KKW Beauty brand yet, this was Kim’s first launch. Hopefully, she will listen to customer feedback and make some changes. I look forward to seeing what other products she has in the works and will probably give the brand a second chance in the future. I feel like nearly $90 is pretty steepHey girl, Yeah way to steep!!I am a huge fan of Kim and was so excited when this was launched, however for the price I just couldn’t justify it! I am also really glad I skipped this as I have such oily skin, it sounds like it would have ended up a disaster! I am excited to see what else she brings out though! xChantalle | http://www.ceceandgrace.blogspot.com.auHey Chantelle, Thanks so much for stopping by! Yeah I really wouldn’t recommend this formula for you. I’ve heard concealers are next so hopefully they are better.So glad I waited for reviews like yours! I don’t think it’d be suited to my skin type. I love Kim though and I’ll follow the brand and see what else she comes up with xSarah | More Than AdoredHey Sarah, Concealers are next… no doubt I’ll be setting my alarm for that lunch too lol!OMG! I cannot wait to hear your thoughts on concealers!!!Thanks for your honest feedback! I was curious about this range and loved that there were so many shades on offer.Hey Rach, Oh yes I agree. I loved that she’s catered for everyone. I’m really looking forward to seeing the concealers.The shade range I’ve seen looks nice and well thought out but I just can’t get past the price for so little product. I think I’ll stick to my Kevyn Aucoin Sculpting Powder that will last me forever! Excellent review 🙂Emma | Rosy DispositionHey Emma, Yes I would have to agree. I have some more high end product which were a lot cheaper. I just think she needs to make some tweaks to the formula more than anything.I don’t think this would stay put on my skin either, plus I don’t really like using cream products, but great honest review!Di from Max The UnicornHi Di,Are you an oily skin type? I love using creams but the formula really has the be perfect or it just ends up a mess lol.So interesting to hear your thoughts. I have heard a lot of mixed reviews on these. I would expect better quality for the price you paid :/Laura || http://www.thelifeoflaura.com.au xxHey Laura,I agree. It price tag was pretty hefty, I expected the formula to be a lot better but again this was her first launch lets hope she listens to the feedback and makes some changes.Thank you so much for sharing your review! I have been so curious about these and while I am still tempted I might hold off for now to see if they do listen to customer feedback xHey Marisa,Thanks for reading. If you are after something similar I absolutely love the Smashbox Step By Step contouring sticks, They are everything I wanted this kit to be!Thanks for your honest review! It’s such a shame when products don’t meet our expectations. 🙁Rochelle || http://www.simplesocialsister.comHey Rochelle,Thanks so much for reading. Yeah it was shame I was so excited for this launch too 🙁This probably wont work for my combination skin type. Im curous to see what she comes up with next..Amy | http://www.herquarters.comI’ve heard concealers are next. I will probably set the alarm for that launch too lol. I really want to love this brand. I feel like she’s catering more for my age group lolThanks for an honest review Bec! I’ve got a similar skin type and I was a bit on the fence with this one. Kate | themintedblog.comHey Kate, I’ve never really been a Kylie Cosmetics fan so I had such high hopes for Kim’s line. I’m not ruling it out completely, but there are certainly some changes she needs to make to to the formula.Thanks for the honest review. I kept hearing positives about this but I was skeptical as cream products in general don’t tend to last on my oilier skin. Clearly that would be the case here too!Hey Steph, Thanks so much for stopping by. Yeah I would advise to stay away from this one if you have oily skin. I just don’t think you will find it very comfy to wear.Love the video you look gorg xI have not heard about this brand, the applicator looks so good but shame that it does not meet the expectations.I had a very similar opinion to you on this one – product could be a lot better and probably will be down the track. I think I’ll stick to my Smashbox contour stick for now!I really appreciate your honesty and the demo! So helpful…I was debating if it was worth and I’m going to hold off for now. Maybe she make some improvements for her next launch