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Download Halliday Resnick Walker Fundamentals Of Physics

Download Halliday Resnick Walker Fundamentals Of Physics

(Parte 1 de 8)Quadratic FormulaIf ,thenBinomial TheoremProducts of VectorsLetube the smaller of the two angles betweenand. ThenTrigonometric Identities ay by ay by az bzDerivatives and IntegralsCramer’s Rule Two simultaneous equations in unknowns xandy, have the solutions and cos xd x sin x dFactor Prefix Symbol Factor Prefix Symbol*In all cases,the first syllable is accented,as in ná-no-mé-ter.This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blankE X T END ED Halliday & ResnickEXECUTIVE EDITOR Stuart Johnson SENIOR PRODUCT DESIGNER Geraldine Osnato CONTENT EDITOR Alyson Rentrop ASSOCIATE MARKETING DIRECTOR Christine Kushner TEXT and COVER DESIGNER Madelyn Lesure PAGE MAKE-UP Lee Goldstein PHOTO EDITOR Jennifer Atkins COPYEDITOR Helen Walden PROOFREADER Lilian Brady SENIOR PRODUCTION EDITOR Elizabeth SwainCOVER IMAGE © 2007 CERNThis book was set in 10/12 Times Ten by cMPreparé,CSR Francesca Monaco,and was printed and bound by Quad Graphics.The cover was printed by Quad Graphics.Copyright © 2014,2011,2008,2005 John Wiley & Sons,Inc.All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced,stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recording,scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act,without either the prior written permission of the Publisher,or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center,Inc.2 Rosewood Drive, Danvers,MA 01923,website w.copyright.com.Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department,John Wiley & Sons,Inc.,1 River Street,Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774,(201)748-6011,fax (201)748-6008,or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissionsEvaluation copies are provided to qualified academics and professionals for review purposes only, for use in their courses during the next academic year.These copies are licensed and may not be sold or transferred to a third party.Upon completion of the review period,please return the evaluation copy to Wiley.Return instructions and a free of charge return shipping label are available at w.wiley.com/go/returnlabel.Outside of the United States,please contact your local representative.Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataWalker, JearlFundamentals of physics / Jearl Walker,David Halliday,Robert Resnick—10th edition. volumes cmIncludes index.ISBN 978-1-118-23072-5 (Extended edition) Binder-ready version ISBN 978-1-118-23061-9 (Extended edition) 1. Physics—Textbooks. I. Resnick, Robert. I. Halliday, David. II.Title. QC21.3.H35 2014 530—dc23 2012035307Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 118Temperature, Heat, and the First Law of Thermodynamics19The Kinetic Theory of Gases 20Entropy and the Second Law of ThermodynamicsV O L U M E 2 21Coulomb’s Law 22Electric Fields 23Gauss’ Law 24 Electric Potential 25 Capacitance 26Current and Resistance 27 Circuits 28Magnetic Fields 29Magnetic Fields Due to Currents 30Induction and Inductance31Electromagnetic Oscillations and Alternating Current32Maxwell’s Equations; Magnetism of Matter 3 Electromagnetic Waves 34 Images 35 Interference 36 Diffraction 37 Relativity 38Photons and Matter Waves 39More About Matter Waves 40All About Atoms 41Conduction of Electricity in Solids 42Nuclear Physics 43Energy from the Nucleus 44Quarks, Leptons, and the Big BangAppendices / Answers to Checkpoints and Odd-Numbered Questions and Problems / Index1 Measurement 11-1MEASURING THINGS, INCLUDING LENGTHS1What Is Physics?1 Measuring Things1 The International System of Units2 Changing Units3 Length 3 Significant Figures and Decimal Places4REVIEW & SUMMARY8PROBLEMS82Motion Along a Straight Line132-1POSITION, DISPLACEMENT, AND AVERAGE VELOCITY13What Is Physics?13 Motion 14 Position and Displacement14 Average Velocity and Average Speed152-2INSTANTANEOUS VELOCITY AND SPEED18 Instantaneous Velocity and Speed182-3 ACCELERATION 20 Acceleration 202-4 CONSTANT ACCELERATION 23Constant Acceleration: A Special Case23 Another Look at Constant Acceleration262-5 FREE-FALL ACCELERATION 27 Free-Fall Acceleration 272-6GRAPHICAL INTEGRATION IN MOTION YSIS 29 Graphical Integration in Motion ysis29REVIEW & SUMMARY30QUESTIONS31PROBLEMS323-1VECTORS AND THEIR COMPONENTS40What Is Physics?40 Vectors and Scalars40 Adding Vectors Geometrically41 Components of Vectors423-2UNIT VECTORS, ADDING VECTORS BY COMPONENTS46 Unit Vectors46Adding Vectors by Components46 Vectors and the Laws of Physics473-3MULTIPLYING VECTORS 50 Multiplying Vectors 50REVIEW & SUMMARY55QUESTIONS56PROBLEMS574Motion in Two and Three Dimensions624-1POSITION AND DISPLACEMENT624-2AVERAGE VELOCITY AND INSTANTANEOUS VELOCITY64 Average Velocity and Instantaneous Velocity654-3AVERAGE ACCELERATION AND INSTANTANEOUS ACCELERATION67 Average Acceleration and Instantaneous Acceleration684-4 PROJECTILE MOTION 70 Projectile Motion704-5UNIFORM CIRCULAR MOTION76 Uniform Circular Motion764-6RELATIVE MOTION IN ONE DIMENSION78 Relative Motion in One Dimension784-7RELATIVE MOTION IN TWO DIMENSIONS80 Relative Motion in Two Dimensions80REVIEW & SUMMARY81QUESTIONS82PROBLEMS845Force and Motion—I945-1NEWTON’S FIRST AND SECOND LAWS94What Is Physics?94 Newtonian Mechanics 95 Newton’s First Law95 Force 96 Mass 97 Newton’s Second Law985-2SOME PARTICULAR FORCES102 Some Particular Forces1025-3APPLYING NEWTON’S LAWS 106Newton’s Third Law106 Applying Newton’s Laws108REVIEW & SUMMARY 114 QUESTIONS 114 PROBLEMS 116 viiCONTENTS6-1 FRICTION 1246-2THE DRAG FORCE AND TERMINAL SPEED130 The Drag Force and Terminal Speed1306-3UNIFORM CIRCULAR MOTION133 Uniform Circular Motion133REVIEW & SUMMARY 138 QUESTIONS 139 PROBLEMS 1407Kinetic Energy and Work1497-1 KINETIC ENER GY 149What Is Physics?149 What Is Energy?149 Kinetic Energy1507-2WORK AND KINETIC ENERGY1517-3WORK DONE BY THE GRAVITATIONAL FORCE155 Work Done by the Gravitational Force1567-4WORK DONE BY A SPRING FORCE159 Work Done by a Spring Force1597-5WORK DONE BY A GENERAL VARIABLE FORCE162 Work Done by a General Variable Force162REVIEW & SUMMARY 168 QUESTIONS 169 PROBLEMS 1708Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy1778-1 POTENTIAL ENER GY 1778-2CONSERVATION OF MECHANICAL ENERGY184 Conservation of Mechanical Energy1848-3READING A POTENTIAL ENERGY CURVE187 Reading a Potential Energy Curve1878-4WORK DONE ON A SYSTEM BY AN EXTERNAL FORCE191 Work Done on a System by an External Force1928-5CONSERVATION OF ENERGY195 Conservation of Energy195REVIEW & SUMMARY 199 QUESTIONS 200 PROBLEMS 2029-1CENTER OF MASS 2149-2NEWTON’S SECOND LAW FOR A SYSTEM OF PARTICLES220 Newton’s Second Law for a System of Particles2209-3 LINEAR MOMENTUM 224Linear Momentum224 The Linear Momentum of a System of Particles2259-4COLLISION AND IMPULSE226 Collision and Impulse2269-5CONSERVATION OF LINEAR MOMENTUM230 Conservation of Linear Momentum2309-6MOMENTUM AND KINETIC ENERGY IN COLLISIONS233Momentum and Kinetic Energy in Collisions233 Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension2349-7ELASTIC COLLISIONS IN ONE DIMENSION237 Elastic Collisions in One Dimension2379-8COLLISIONS IN TWO DIMENSIONS240 Collisions in Two Dimensions2409-9SYSTEMS WITH VARYING MASS: A ROCKET241 Systems with Varying Mass: A Rocket241REVIEW & SUMMARY 243 QUESTIONS 245 PROBLEMS 24610-1 ROTATIONAL VARIABLES 257What Is Physics?258 Rotational Variables 259 Are Angular Quantities Vectors?26410-2ROTATION WITH CONSTANT ANGULAR ACCELERATION 266 Rotation with Constant Angular Acceleration26610-3RELATING THE LINEAR AND ANGULAR VARIABLES268 Relating the Linear and Angular Variables268 viii CONTENTS10-4KINETIC ENERGY OF ROTATION271 Kinetic Energy of Rotation27110-5CALCULATING THE ROTATIONAL INERTIA273 Calculating the Rotational Inertia27310-7NEWTON’S SECOND LAW FOR ROTATION279 Newton’s Second Law for Rotation27910-8WORK AND ROTATIONAL KINETIC ENERGY282 Work and Rotational Kinetic Energy282REVIEW & SUMMARY 285 QUESTIONS 286 PROBLEMS 2871-1ROLLING AS TRANSLATION AND ROTATION COMBINED295What Is Physics?295 Rolling as Translation and Rotation Combined2951-2FORCES AND KINETIC ENERGY OF ROLLING2981-6NEWTON’S SECOND LAW IN ANGULAR FORM307 Newton’s Second Law in Angular Form3071-7ANGULAR MOMENTUM OF A RIGID BODY3101-8CONSERVATION OF ANGULAR MOMENTUM312 Conservation of Angular Momentum312REVIEW & SUMMARY 318 QUESTIONS 319 PROBLEMS 32012-2SOME EXAMPLES OF STATIC EQUILIBRIUM332 Some Examples of Static Equilibrium332REVIEW & SUMMARY 343 QUESTIONS 343 PROBLEMS 34513 Gravitation 35413-1NEWTON’S LAW OF GRAVITATION354What Is Physics?354 Newton’s Law of Gravitation35513-2GRAVITATION AND THE PRINCIPLE OF SUPERPOSITION 357 Gravitation and the Principle of Superposition35713-3GRAVITATION NEAR EARTH’S SURFACE359 Gravitation Near Earth’s Surface36013-4GRAVITATION INSIDE EARTH362 Gravitation Inside Earth36313-5GRAVITATIONAL POTENTIAL ENERGY364 Gravitational Potential Energy36413-6PLANETS AND SATELLITES: KEPLER’S LAWS368 Planets and Satellites: Kepler’s Laws36913-7SATELLITES: ORBITS AND ENERGY371 Satellites: Orbits and Energy37113-8EINSTEIN AND GRAVITATION374 Einstein and Gravitation374REVIEW & SUMMARY 376 QUESTIONS 377 PROBLEMS 37814-1FLUIDS, DENSITY, AND PRESSURE386What Is Physics?386 What Is a Fluid?386 Density and Pressure38714-2FLUIDS AT REST388 Fluids at Rest38914-3 MEASURING PRESSURE 392 Measuring Pressure 392 ixCONTENTS14-4 PASCAL’S PRINCIPLE 393 Pascal’s Principle 39314-6THE EQUATION OF CONTINUITY39814-7 BERNOULLI’S EQUATION 401 Bernoulli’s Equation 401REVIEW & SUMMARY 405 QUESTIONS 405 PROBLEMS 40615-1SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION413What Is Physics?414 Simple Harmonic Motion414 The Force Law for Simple Harmonic Motion41915-2ENERGY IN SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION421 Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion42115-3AN ANGULAR SIMPLE HARMONIC OSCILLATOR423 An Angular Simple Harmonic Oscillator42315-4PENDULUMS, CIRCULAR MOTION42415-5DAMPED SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION430 Damped Simple Harmonic Motion43015-6FORCED OSCILLATIONS AND RESONANCE432 Forced Oscillations and Resonance432REVIEW & SUMMARY 434 QUESTIONS 434 PROBLEMS 43616-1 TRANSVERSE WAVES 4What Is Physics?445 Types of Waves445 Transverse and Longitudinal Waves445 Wavelength and Frequency446 The Speed of a Traveling Wave44916-2WAVE SPEED ON A STRETCHED STRING452 Wave Speed on a Stretched String45216-3ENERGY AND POWER OF A WAVE TRAVELING ALONG A STRING454Energy and Power of a Wave Traveling Along a String45416-4THE WAVE EQUATION456 The Wave Equation45616-5INTERFERENCE OF WAVES458The Principle of Superposition for Waves458 Interference of Waves45916-7STANDING WAVES AND RESONANCE465Standing Waves465 Standing Waves and Resonance467REVIEW & SUMMARY 470 QUESTIONS 471 PROBLEMS 47217-2TRAVELING SOUND WAVES482 Traveling Sound Waves48217-3 INTERFERENCE 485 Interference 48517-4INTENSITY AND SOUND LEVEL488 Intensity and Sound Level48917-5SOURCES OF MUSICAL SOUND492 Sources of Musical Sound49317-7THE DOPPLER EFFECT498 The Doppler Effect49917-8SUPERSONIC SPEEDS, SHOCK WAVES503 Supersonic Speeds, Shock Waves503REVIEW & SUMMARY 504 QUESTIONS 505 PROBLEMS 50618Temperature, Heat, and the First Law of Thermodynamics51418-2THE CELSIUS AND FAHRENHEIT SCALES518 The Celsius and Fahrenheit Scales518 x CONTENTS18-3 THERMAL EXPANSION 520 Thermal Expansion 52018-4ABSORPTION OF HEAT52218-5THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS528A Closer Look at Heat and Work528 The First Law of Thermodynamics531Some Special Cases of the First Law of Thermodynamics 53218-6HEAT TRANSFER MECHANISMS534 Heat Transfer Mechanisms534REVIEW & SUMMARY 538 QUESTIONS 540 PROBLEMS 54119The Kinetic Theory of Gases54919-1 AVOGADRO’S NUMBER 54919-3PRESSURE, TEMPERATURE, AND RMS SPEED554 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed55419-4TRANSLATIONAL KINETIC ENERGY557 Translational Kinetic Energy55719-5MEAN FREE PATH558 Mean Free Path55819-6THE DISTRIBUTION OF MOLECULAR SPEEDS560 The Distribution of Molecular Speeds56119-7THE MOLAR SPECIFIC HEATS OF AN IDEAL GAS564 The Molar Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas56419-8DEGREES OF FREEDOM AND MOLAR SPECIFIC HEATS56819-9THE ADIABATIC EXPANSION OF AN IDEAL GAS571 The Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas571REVIEW & SUMMARY 575 QUESTIONS 576 PROBLEMS 57720Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics583What Is Physics?584 Irreversible Processes and Entropy58420-2ENTROPY IN THE REAL WORLD: ENGINES590 Entropy in the Real World: Engines59020-3REFRIGERATORS AND REAL ENGINES59520-4A STATISTICAL VIEW OF ENTROPY598 A Statistical View of Entropy598REVIEW & SUMMARY 602 QUESTIONS 603 PROBLEMS 60421-1 COULOMB’S LAW 609What Is Physics?610 Electric Charge610 Conductors and Insulators612 Coulomb’s Law61321-2CHARGE IS QUANTIZED619 Charge Is Quantized61921-3CHARGE IS CONSERVED621 Charge Is Conserved 621REVIEW & SUMMARY 622 QUESTIONS 623 PROBLEMS 6242-1THE ELECTRIC FIELD6302-2THE ELECTRIC FIELD DUE TO A CHARGED PARTICLE633 The Electric Field Due to a Point Charge6332-3THE ELECTRIC FIELD DUE TO A DIPOLE 635 The Electric Field Due to an Electric Dipole6362-4THE ELECTRIC FIELD DUE TO A LINE OF CHARGE638 The Electric Field Due to Line of Charge6382-5THE ELECTRIC FIELD DUE TO A CHARGED DISK643 The Electric Field Due to a Charged Disk6432-6A POINT CHARGE IN AN ELECTRIC FIELD645 A Point Charge in an Electric Field6452-7A DIPOLE IN AN ELECTRIC FIELD647 A Dipole in an Electric Field648REVIEW & SUMMARY 650 QUESTIONS 651 PROBLEMS 652 xiCONTENTS23-1 ELECTRIC FLUX 659What Is Physics659 Electric Flux66023-3A CHARGED ISOLATED CONDUCTOR668 A Charged Isolated Conductor66823-4APPLYING GAUSS’ LAW: CYLINDRICAL SYMMETRY671 Applying Gauss’ Law: Cylindrical Symmetry67123-5APPLYING GAUSS’ LAW: PLANAR SYMMETRY673 Applying Gauss’ Law: Planar Symmetry67323-6APPLYING GAUSS’ LAW: SPHERICAL SYMMETRY675 Applying Gauss’ Law: Spherical Symmetry675REVIEW & SUMMARY 677 QUESTIONS 677 PROBLEMS 67924-1 ELECTRIC POTENTIAL 685What Is Physics?685 Electric Potential and Electric Potential Energy68624-2EQUIPOTENTIAL SURFACES AND THE ELECTRIC FIELD690Equipotential Surfaces 690 Calculating the Potential from the Field69124-3POTENTIAL DUE TO A CHARGED PARTICLE694Potential Due to a Charged Particle694 Potential Due a Group of Charged Particles69524-4POTENTIAL DUE TO AN ELECTRIC DIPOLE697 Potential Due to an Electric Dipole69724-5POTENTIAL DUE TO A CONTINUOUS CHARGE DISTRIBUTION698 Potential Due to a Continuous Charge Distribution69824-6CALCULATING THE FIELD FROM THE POTENTIAL701 Calculating the Field from the Potential70124-7ELECTRIC POTENTIAL ENERGY OF A SYSTEM OF CHARGED PARTICLES 703Electric Potential Energy of a System of Charged Particles70324-8POTENTIAL OF A CHARGED ISOLATED CONDUCTOR706 Potential of Charged Isolated Conductor706REVIEW & SUMMARY 707 QUESTIONS 708 PROBLEMS 71025-2CALCULATING THE CAPACITANCE719 Calculating the Capacitance72025-3CAPACITORS IN PARALLEL AND IN SERIES723 Capacitors in Parallel and in Series 72425-4ENERGY STORED IN AN ELECTRIC FIELD728 Energy Stored in an Electric Field72825-5CAPACITOR WITH A DIELECTRIC73125-6DIELECTRICS AND GAUSS’ LAW735 Dielectrics and Gauss’ Law735REVIEW & SUMMARY 738 QUESTIONS 738 PROBLEMS 739(Parte 1 de 8)Halliday 10 ediçãoResolução do Halliday, Resnick- Fundamentals Of Physics (7Th Ed)- SolutionsLivro Fundamentals of Physics Extended, 8th Edition, do Wlaker, e do Halliday, muito bom o livro em PDF,...capitulo 10 do volume 1 de FUNDAMENTOS DE FÍSICA, Halliday, Resnick, Walkerresolução física volume 3 halliday 8 edição Fundamentos de Física - Halliday, Resnick e Walker - Vol I - Mecânica - Cap II - Movimento retilíneo -...Solução de algumas questões do livro de Física HallidayHalliday - Fundamentals of Physics Extended (9ªEd. - English) e solutionsExercícios resolvidos do HallidayResolução do Halliday, Resnick- Fundamentals Of Physics (7Th Ed)- SolutionsReconhecido pela sua apresentação clara e completa, este livro é importante referência...Reconhecido pela sua apresentação clara e completa, este livro é importante referência...Sucesso há mais de três décadas e obra de referência na área, a "Coleção ...Sucesso há mais de três décadas e obra de referência na área, a Coleção Fundamentos de...Sucesso há mais de três décadas e obra de referência na área, a "Coleção ...Reconhecido pela sua apresentação clara e completa, este livro é importante referência...Reconhecido pela sua apresentação clara e completa, este livro é importante referência...Sucesso há mais de três décadas e obra de referência na área, a "Coleção ...Sucesso há mais de três décadas e obra de referência na área, a Coleção Fundamentos de...Sucesso há mais de três décadas e obra de referência na área, a "Coleção ...O Ebah é uma rede social dedicada exclusivamente ao campo acadêmico e tem como principal objetivo o compartilhamento de informação e materiais entre alunos e professores.



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